Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is an often hereditary disease causing the central portion of vision to decline. Ultimately, this disturbs your ability to see fine details and read up closely. AMD comes in two forms: wet or dry macular degeneration.
Dry macular degeneration is characterized with slowly diminishing vision and a thinning of the retina in the macular region. There is currently no cure for the dry form of macular degeneration, but the Age- Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS), sponsored by the National Eye Institute, has found vitamins and antioxidants that slow the progression of the disease.
Wet macular degeneration is caused by new blood vessels accumulating underneath the macula and seeping into the retinal tissue. When this occurs, the change in vision is more noticeable. Wet macular degeneration can be treated by injecting the vitreous with Anti-VEGF.